June 20

TODAY IN HISTORY:

1782 – The U.S. Congress approved the Great Seal of the United States.

1793 – Eli Whitney applied for a cotton gin patent. He received the patent on March 14. The cotton gin initiated the American mass-production concept.

1840 – Samuel Morse received a patent for the telegraph.

1863 – West Virginia became the 35th state to join the U.S.

1863 – The National Bank of Philadelphia in Philadelphia, PA, became the first bank to receive a charter from Congress.

1877 – Alexander Graham Bell installed the world’s first commercial telephone service in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

1893 – Lizzie Borden was acquitted of the murders of her father and stepmother.

1941 – The U.S. Army Air Forces was established, replacing the Army Air Corps. The Army Air Forces were abolished with the creation of the United States Air Force in 1947.

1943 – Race-related rioting erupted in Detroit, MI. Federal troops were sent in two days later to end the violence that left more than 30 dead.

1947 – Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel was shot to death through the window of his girlfriend’s Beverly Hills, CA, home at the order of mob associates angered over the soaring costs of his project, the Flamingo resort in Las Vegas, NV.

1948 – The television show “Toast of the Town” debuted on CBS. The show was hosted by Ed Sullivan. The name of the show was later changed to “The
Ed Sullivan Show”.

1950 – Willie Mays graduated from high school and immediately signed to play professional baseball with the New York Giants.

1955 – The AFL and CIO agreed to combine names and a merge into a single group.

1963 – The United States and Soviet Union signed an agreement to set up a hot line communication link between the two countries.

1966 – The U.S. Open golf tournament was broadcast in color for the first time.

1967 – Muhammad Ali was convicted in Houston, TX of violating Selective Service laws by refusing to be drafted.

1972 – An 18-1/2 minute gap appeared in the tape recording of the conversations between President Richard Nixon and his advisers regarding the recent arrests of his operatives while breaking into the Watergate complex.

1975 – The movie “Jaws” premiered in theaters.

1977 – The Trans-Alaska Pipeline began operation.

1983 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that employers must treat male and female workers equally in providing health benefits for their spouses.

1994 – O.J. Simpson pleaded not guilty to the killings of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman.

1995 – Epic released Michael Jackson’s 30-track double CD “HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Part 1”.

1997 – The tobacco industry agreed to a massive settlement in exchange for major relief from mounting lawsuits and legal bills.

2001 – Barry Bonds, of the San Francisco Giants, hit his 38th home run of the season. The home run broke the major league baseball record for homers before the midseason All-Star break.

2001 – A Houston, TX woman, Andrea Yates, was arrested for drowning her five children in a bathtub. She claimed she was saving her children from Satan.

2002 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the execution of mentally retarded murderers was unconstitutionally cruel. The vote was 6 in favor and 3 against.

2006 – After 44 years at “CBS News”, Dan Rather received his walking papers.

 

BIRTHDAYS:

Martin Landau 1928 – Actor (“Tucker: The Man and His Dream”, “Crimes and Misdemeanors”, “Ed Wood”, TV’s “Space: 1999”, “Mission: Impossible”)

James Tolkan 1931 – Actor (“Serpico”, “Top Gun”, “Back to the Future” movies)

Olympia Dukakis 1931 – Actress (“Steel Magnolias”, “Mr. Holland’s Opus”, “Jane Austen’s Mafia!”, “The Thing About My Folks”, “Moonstruck”)

Danny Aiello 1933 – Actor (“Do the Right Thing”, “Ruby”, “The Purple Rose of Cairo”, “Moonstruck”)

Brett Halsey 1933 – Actor (TV’s “The Young and the Restless”)

Jerry Keller 1937 – Singer, songwriter (“”Here Comes Summer”)

John Mahoney 1940 – Actor (TV’s “Frasier”, movies “Say Anything…”, “Barton Fink’)

Stephen Frears 1941 – Film director (“My Beautiful Laundrette”, “Dangerous Liaisons”, “High Fidelity”, “The Queen”, “Philomena”, “Florence Foster Jenkins”, “The Grifters”, “The Queen”)

Brian Wilson 1942 – Musician (Beach Boys)

John McCook 1944 – Actor (TV’s “The Bold and the Beautiful”, “The Young and the Restless”)

Anne Murray 1945 – Singer (“Snowbird”)

Bob Vila 1946 – Television host (TV’s “This Old House”, “Bob Vila’s Home Again”, “Bob Vila”)

André Watts 1946 – Classical pianist

Candy Clark 1947 – Actress (“American Graffiti”, “More American Graffiti”)

Alan Longmuir 1948 – Musician (Bay City Rollers)

Tina Sinatra 1948 – Producer, actress

Lionel Richie 1949 – Singer, musician

John Goodman 1952 – Actor (TV’s “Roseanne”, movies “Argo”, “Trouble With the Curve”, “The Artist”, “Speed Racer”, “O Brother Where Art Thou”, “The Big Lebowski”, “The Flintstones”, “The Babe”, “Barton Fink”, “King Ralph”)

Michael Anthony 1954 – Musician (Van Halen)

John Taylor 1960 – Musician (Duran Duran)

Michael Landon, Jr. 1964 – Actor, writer, producer (TV’s “Bonanza: The Next Generation”, “Back to Bonanza”, “Bonanza: The Return”, “Bonanza: Under Attack”)

Nicole Kidman 1967 – Actress (“The Hours”, “Rabbit Hole”, “Moulin Rouge”, “Lion”, “Stoker”, “The Paperboy”, “The Golden Compass”, “Cold Mountain”, “The Human
Stain”, “Bewitched”)

Robert Rodriguez 1968 – Movie director (“From Dusk Till Dawn”, “Sin City”, “Spy Kids”, “Grindhouse”, “El Mariachi”, “Once Upon a Time in Mexico”)

Josh Lucas 1971 – Actor (“Poseidon”, “Glory Road”, “Hulk”, “Sweet Home Alabama”, “American Psycho”)

Christopher Mintz-Plass 1989 – Actor (“Superbad”)

 

TODAY IS:

American Eagle Day

Cherry Tart Day

Ice Cream Soda Day

World Productivity Day

World Refugee Day

 

For additional information check out websites like: www.on-this-day.comwww.born-today.com, www.famousbirthdays.com, and www.daysoftheyear.com.

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