June 21

TODAY IN HISTORY:

1788 – The U.S. Constitution went into effect when New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it.

1834 – Cyrus McCormick patented the first practical mechanical reaper for farming. His invention allowed farmers to more than double their crop size.

1859 – Andrew Lanergan received the first rocket patent.

1893 – The Ferris Wheel was introduced at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, IL.

1913 – Georgia Broadwick became the first woman to jump from an airplane.

1938 – In Washington, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the $3.75 billion Emergency Relief Appropriation Act.

1939 – Lou Gehrig quit baseball due to illness.

1940 – Richard M. Nixon and Thelma Catherine ‘Pat’ Ryan were married in Riverside, CA.

1942 – Ben Hogan recorded the lowest score (to that time) in a major golf tournament. Hogan shot a 271 for 72 holes in Chicago, IL.

1945 – Pan Am announced an 88-hour round-the-world flight at a cost of $700.

1946 – Bill Veeck Jr., whose father once owned the Chicago Cubs, purchased the Cleveland Indians for $2.2 million.

1948 – Dr. Peter Goldmark of Columbia Records introduced the 33 1/3 rpm long play record at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York, NY.

1954 – The American Cancer Society reported significantly higher death rates among cigarette smokers than among non-smokers.

1954 – Australian John Landy ran the mile in 3:58. He was the second person to achieve the feat.

1958 – In Arkansas, a federal judge let Little Rock delay school integration.

1963 – Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini was elected as Pope Paul VI.

1963 – In St. Louis, MO Bob Hayes set a record when he ran the 100-yard dash in 0:09.1.

1964 – Jim Bunning, of the Philadelphia Phillies, pitched the National League’s first perfect game in 84 years, topping the Mets 6-0 on Father’s Day.

1970 – The James C. Veen Observatory, on Kissing Rock Road in Lowell, MI, was dedicated.

1970 – Tony Jacklin became the second British golfer in 50 years to win the U.S. Open golf tournament.

1973 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states may ban materials found to be obscene according to local standards.

1974 – The U.S. Supreme Court decided that pregnant teachers could no longer be forced to take long leaves of absence.

1977 – Former President Richard Nixon aide H.R. Haldeman entered prison.

1982 – John Hinckley Jr. was found not guilty by reason of insanity for the attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan.

1989 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that burning the American flag as a form of political protest was protected by the First Amendment.

1990 – Little Richard received a star on the Hollywood Walk Of Fame.

1997 – The WNBA made its debut as the New York Liberty defeat the Los Angeles Sparks 67-57.

2003 – The fifth Harry Potter book, “Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix,” was published by J.K. Rowling. Amazon.com shipped out more than one million copies making the day the largest distribution day of a single item in e-commerce history. The book set sales records around the world with an estimated 5 million copies sold on the first day.

2004 – Ben Affleck became the California State Poker champion, winning $356,000 by beating a pro named Stan Goldstein in a round of no-limit hold ’em.

2004 – SpaceShipOne, designed by Burt Rutan and piloted by Mike Melvill, reached 328,491 feet above Earth in a 90 minute flight. The height is about 400 feet above the distance scientists consider to be the boundary of space. Michael Melvil became the first person to do so in a privately developed aircraft.

2006 – Pluto’s newly discovered moons were officially named Nix and Hydra.

2013 – The U.S. charged Edward Snowden with espionage, theft of government property, unauthorized communication of national defense information and willful communication of classified communications intelligence.

 

BIRTHDAYS:

Bernie Kopell 1933 – Actor (Play Doc on TV’s “The Love Boat”, “Get Smart”)

Monte Markham 1935 – Actor (TV’s “Hawaii Five O”, “The Six Million Dollar Man”, “The Golden Girls”)

Ron Ely 1938 – Actor (TV’s “Tarzan”, movie “Doc Savage: The Man of Bronze”)

Mariette Hartley 1940 – Actress (TV’s “Peyton Place”, “Gunsmoke”, “The Bob Newhart Show”, Polaroid commercials)

Joe Flaherty 1941 – Actor (TV’s “SCTV”, “Freaks and Geeks”)

Ray Davies 1944 – Musician (The Kinks)

Meredith Baxter Birney 1947 – Actress (TV’s “Family Ties”)

Michael Gross 1947 – Actor (TV’s “Family Ties”, “Tremors” film and TV series)

Joey Molland 1947 – Musician (Badfinger)

Leon Everette 1948 – Country singer

Joey Kramer 1950 – Musician (Aerosmith)

Nils Lofgren 1951 – Musician (The E Street Band)

Robyn Douglas 1953 – Actress, model (“Breaking Away”, “Romantic Comedy”, “The Lonely Guy”, TV’s “Galactica 1980”)

Leigh McCloskey 1955 – Actress (TV’s “Dallas”, movie “Inferno”)

Berke Brethed 1957 – Cartoonist (Bloom County)

Mark Brzezicki 1957 – Musician (Big Country)

Kathy Mattea 1959 – Country singer

Sammi Davis 1964 – Actress (“Mona Lisa”, “The Rainbow”, “A Prayer for the Dying”, “Hope and Glory”, TV’s “Homefront”)

Doug Savant 1964 – Actor (TV’s “Melrose Place”, “Desperate Housewives”)

Michael Dolan 1965 – Actor (“Summer of ’76”, “Light of Day”, “Hamburger Hill”, “Biloxi Blues”)

Jim Breuer 1967 – Comedian, impressionist (TV’s “Saturday Night Live”)

Derrick Coleman 1967 – Basketball player (Detroit Pistons 2004-2006)

Allison Moorer 1972 – Country singer

Juliette Lewis 1973 – Actress (“Cape Fear”, “Kalifornia”, “What’s Eating Gilbert Grape”, “Natural Born Killers”, “Strange Days”, “From Dusk Till Dawn”, “Way of the Gun”, “August: Osage County”, TV’s “Secrets and Lies”)

Maggie Siff 1974 – Actress (TV’s “Billions”, “Sons of Anarchy”, “Mad Men”, movies “The 5th Wave”, “Funny People”, “Push”)

Chris Pratt 1979 – Actor (“Jurassic World”, “Guardians of the Galaxy”, TV’s “Everwood”, “The OC”, “Parks and Recreation”)

Jussie Smolett 1982 – Actor, singler (TV’s “Empire”, “On Our Own”)

Prince William 1982 – Duke of Cambridge

Edward Snowden 1983 – Leaked U.S. government secrets in 2013

Kris Allen 1985 – Singer (Winner of TV’s “American Idol: Season 8”)

Rebecca Black 1997 – Singer (“Friday”)

 

TODAY IS:

Daylight Appreciation Day

Go Skateboarding “Day

International Yoga Day

Make Music Day

Selfie Day

World Humanist Day

World Music Day

 

For additional information check out websites like: www.on-this-day.comwww.born-today.com, www.famousbirthdays.com, and www.daysoftheyear.com.

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