November 20

TODAY IN HISTORY:

1789 – New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.

1820 – An 80-ton sperm whale attacked the whaling ship the “Essex” from Nantucket, MA two-thousand miles from the western coast of South America. Herman Melville’s 1851 novel “Moby Dick” was in part inspired by this story.

1953 – Birmingham, MI became the second city in the United States to have direct long distance dialing.

1962 – The Cuban Missile Crisis ended. The Soviet Union removed its missiles and bombers from Cuba and the U.S. ended its blockade of the island.

1962 – Mickey Mantle was named the American League Most Valuable Player for the third time.

1967 – The Census Clock at the Department of Commerce in Washington, DC, went past 200 million.

1969 – The Richard Nixon administration announced a halt to residential use of the pesticide DDT as part of a total phase out of the substance.

1974 – The U.S. Department of Justice filed its final anti-trust suit against AT&T Corporation. This suit later leads to the breakup of AT&T and it’s Bell System.

1980 – On Jefferson Island, LA, an oil rig in Lake Pigneur pierced the top of the salt dome beneath the island. The freshwater lake completely drained within a few hours. The Delcambre Canal reversed flow and two days later the previous freshwater lake was a 1,300-foot-deep saltwater lake.

1983 – An estimated 100 million people watched the controversial ABC-TV movie “The Day After.” The movie depicted the outbreak of nuclear war.

1984 – McDonald’s sold its 50 billionth hamburger.

1985 – Microsoft Windows 1.0 was released.

1986 – Dr. Halfdan Maher, the director of the World Health Organization, announced the first coordinated global effort to fight the disease AIDS.

1986 – The one billionth Little Golden Book was printed. The title was “The Poky Little Puppy”.

1990 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis landed at Cape Canaveral, FL, after completing a secret military mission.

1993 – The U.S. Senate passed the Brady Bill and legislation implementing NAFTA.

1994 – Singer David Crosby got a liver transplant.

1997 – Kenny G. received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1998 – Pixar’s second feature length film, “A Bug’s Life”, debuted in theaters.

1998 – The first module of the International Space Station, Zarya, was launched.

1998 – Forty-six states agreed to a $206 billion settlement of health claims against the tobacco industry. The industry also agreed to give up billboard advertising of cigarettes.

2001 – On what would have been Robert F. Kennedy’s 76th birthday, the U.S. Justice Department headquarters building was renamed the Robert F. Kennedy building by President George W. Bush.

2006 – The News Corporation bows to pressure and killed O.J. Simpson’s upcoming book, “If I Did It”, in which he speculates how he would have killed his ex-wife if, of course, he had killed her and a 2-part FOX television special promoting it.

2012 – Veteran Elmo puppeteer Kevin Clash resigned from television’s “Sesame Street” after being accused of sexually abusing several underage boys.

 

BIRTHDAYS:

Kaye Ballard 1925 – Actress, comedienne, singer

Estelle Parsons 1927 – Actress (“Bonnie and Clyde”, “Rachel, Rachel”, TV’s “Roseanne”)

Dick Smothers 1939 – Actor, comedian (The Smothers Brothers)

Joe Biden 1942 – 47th Vice President of the United States (2009 to 2017)

Bob Einstein 1942 – Actor, comedian (Played daredevil on TV’s “Super Dave Osborne”, “Curb Your Enthusiasm”, “Arrested Development”)

Norman Greenbaum 1942 – Singer (“Spirit in the Sky”)

Veronica Hamel 1943 – Actress (TV’s “Hill Street Blues”)

Judy Woodruff 1946 – Broadcast journalist (CNN)

Joe Walsh 1947 – Musician (James Gang, The Eagles)

Richard Masur 1948 – Actor (TV’s “One Day at a Time”)

Bo Derek 1956 – Actress (“10”, “Bolero”, “Ghosts Can’t Do It”, “Tommy Boy”)

Sean Young 1959 – Actress (“Ace Ventura: Pet Detective”, “Fatal Instinct”, “Wall Street”, “No Way Out”, “Dune”, “Blade Runner”, “Stripes”)

Ming-Na Wen 1963 – Actess (TV’s “ER,” “Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.”>

Mike D 1965 – Musician (The Beastie Boys)

Sabrina Lloyd 1970 – Actress (TV’s “Sports Night”, “Sliders”)

Joel McHale 1971 – Actor 1971 (TV’s “Community,” “The Soup”, movies “Deliver Us from Evil”, “Blended”, “Ted”, “Spy Kids: All the Time in the World”, “The Informant!”)

Marisa Ryan 1974 – Actress (TV’s “Major Dad”, movie “Wet Hot American Summer”)

Dierks Bentley 1975 – Country singer

Joshua Gomez 1975 – Actor (TV’s “Chuck”)

Dominque Dawes 1976 – Olympic gymnast

Josh Turner 1977 – Country singer

Nadine Velazquez 1978 – Actress (TV’s “League”, “My Name Is Earl”)

Ashley Fink 1986 – Actress (TV’s “Glee”)

 

TODAY IS:

African Industrialization Day

Human-Animal Relationship Awareness Week

Name Your PC Day

Peanut Butter Fudge Day

Universal Children’s Day

 

For additional information check out websites like: www.on-this-day.comwww.born-today.com, www.famousbirthdays.com, and www.daysoftheyear.com.

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