October 19

TODAY IN HISTORY:

1765 – The Stamp Act Congress met and drew up a declaration of rights and liberties.

1814 – The first documented performance of “The Defence of Fort McHenry” with music took place at the Holliday Street Theatre in Baltimore, MD. The work was later published with the title “The Star-Spangled Banner.”

1906 – Dr. Lee DeForest gave a demonstration of his radio tube.

1914 – Government owned vehicles were used for the first time to pick up mail in Washington, DC.

1918 – The “Spanish” Flu closed the state of Michigan. Schools, theaters, bowling alleys, pool rooms and churches were all ordered closed due to the influenza epidemic. By Christmas of that year, 266 people had died in Grand Rapids, MI and 6,700 people statewide. The outbreak caused 21 million deaths worldwide.

1937 – “Woman’s Day” magazine was published for the first time.

1944 – The U.S. Navy announced that black women would be allowed into Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES).

1948 – WLAV-TV changed its call letters to WOOD TV.

1960 – The first fully mechanized post office opened in Providence, RI.

1960 – The United States imposed an embargo on exports to Cuba covering all commodities except medical supplies and certain food products.

1966 – Vincent Price played “Egghead,” the guest villain on TV’s “Batman”.

1973 – President Richard Nixon rejected an Appeals Court decision that he turn over the Watergate tapes.

1977 – The Concorde S.S.T. made its first landing in New York, NY.

1982 – Automaker John Z. DeLorean was arrested and charged with conspiracy to obtain and distribute 55 pounds of cocaine. He was acquitted of the drug charges in August, 1984.

1983 – The Senate approved a bill establishing a national holiday in honor of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

1985 – The first Blockbuster video rental store opened in Dallas, TX. Eventually the chain would have 9,093 stores.

1987 – On what was referred to as “Black Monday”, The Dow Jones industrial average dropped 508 points. It was the worst one-day percentage decline, 22.6%, in history.

1989 – The Senate rejected a proposed constitutional amendment that barred the desecration of the U.S. flag.

1994 – The low budget, independent movie “Clerks” debuted in theaters.

1997 – On stage at the Grand Ole Opry, Vince Gill honored John Denver. Gill played “Take Me Home, Country Roads.”

1998 – In Washington, DC, the U.S. Government opened its antitrust case against Microsoft.

1998 – A class action suit filed by smokers against five cigarette manufacturers went to trial in Miami, FL, seeking $200 billion.

1998 – Former heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson got his license back after having it rescinded for biting Evander Holyfield’s ear.

2003 – Mother Teresa was beatified by Pope John Paul II.

2003 – In London, magician David Blaine emerged from a clear plastic box that had been suspended by a crane over the banks of the Thames River. Blaine had entered the box on September 5. He survived only on water for 44 days.

2004 – The television show “The Biggest Loser” debuted on NBC.

2004 – ABC announced it would drop the Miss America beauty pageant. It was later picked up by CMT.

2005 – Saddam Hussein went on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.

2005 – Hurricane Wilma became the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.

2006 – The Dow Jones industrial average ended the day at 12,011.73. It was the first close above 12,000.

2009 – The international version of Amazon’s Kindle 2 was released.

2012 – Big Tex, the 52 foot statue and cultural icon in Dallas, was destroyed by fire during the final weekend of the 2012 State Fair of Texas.

 

BIRTHDAYS:

Peter Max 1937 – Artist

Michael Gambon 1940 – Actor (“Toys”, Played Professor Albus Dumbledore in the “Harry Potter” films after the death of actor Richard Harris)

John Lithgow 1945 – Actor (“Twilight Zone-The Movie”, “This Is 40”, “Shrek”, “The World According to Garp”, “Kinsey”, TV’s “3rd Rock from the Son”, “Dexter”)

Jeannie C. Riley 1945 – Singer (“Harper Valley P.T.A.”)

Patrick Simmons 1948 – Musician (The Doobie Brothers)

Charlie Chase 1952 – Radio and television host (TV’s “Crook & Chase”)

Nino DeFranco 1955 – Singer (The DeFranco Family)

Jennifer Holliday 1960 – Singer, actress (“Dreamgirls”)

Evander Holyfield 1962 – Boxer

Ty Pennington 1964 – TV host (TV’s “Extreme Makeover: Home Edition”)

Todd Park Mohr 1965 – Singer, guitar player (Big Head Todd and the Monsters)

Jon Favreau 1966 – Actor (“Iron Man” movies)

Rodney Carrington 1968 – Comedian, actor (TV’s “Rodney”)

Trey Parker 1969 – Actor, animator, singer (“South Park”)

Chris Kattan 1970 – Actor, comedian (“Undercover Brother”, “Corky Romano”, “A Night at the Roxbury”, TV’s “The Middle”, “Saturday Night Live”)

Pras Michel 1972 – Musician (The Fugees)

Omar Gooding (Big O) 1976 – Actor, rapper, comedian (TV’s “Wild and Crazy Kids”, “Hangin’ with Mr. Cooper”, “Smart Guy”, and “Playmakers”, Movies “Ghost Dad”, “Baby Boy”)

Jason Reitman 1977 – Director “Juno”, “Up in the Air”, “Thank You for Smoking”)

Benjamin Salisbury 1980 – Actor (TV’s “The Nanny”)

Gillian Jacobs 1982 – Actress (TV’s “Community”)

 

TODAY IS:

Conflict Resolution Day

Evaluate Your Life Day

Get Smart About Credit Day

 

For additional information check out websites like: www.on-this-day.comwww.born-today.com, www.famousbirthdays.com, and www.daysoftheyear.com.

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