December 13

TODAY IN HISTORY:

1636 – The United States National Guard was created when militia regiments were organized by the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1809 – The first abdominal surgical procedure was performed in Danville, KY, on Jane Todd Crawford. The operation was performed without an anesthetic.

1884 – Percy Everitt received a patent for the first coin-operated scale.

1903 – The ice cream cone was patented.

1913 – The Sunday New York World prints a puzzle called a “Word cross,” created by Liverpulian Arthur Wynne. The puzzle was a success and became a weekly feature. The name eventually evolves into “crossword.”

1913 – It was announced by authorities in Florence, Italy, that the “Mona Lisa” had been recovered. The work was stolen from the Louvre Museum in Paris in 1911.

1913 – The Federal Reserve System was established as the first U.S. federal bank.

1918 – President Woodrow Wilson arrived in France, becoming the first chief executive to visit a European country while holding office.

1962 – NASA launched Relay 1, the first active repeater communications satellite in orbit.

1964 – In El Paso, TX, President Lyndon Johnson and Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off an explosion which diverted the Rio Grande River, reshaping the U.S./Mexican border, ending a century-old dispute.

1966 – The television rights to the first four Super Bowls were sold to CBS and NBC for a total of $9.5 million.

1972 – Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt began the third and final extra-vehicular activity (EVA) or “Moonwwalk” of Apollo 17. To date they are the last humans to set food on the Moon.

1978 – The Philadelphia Mint began stamping the Susan B. Anthony dollar. The coin went into circulation the following July.

1982 – The Sentry Armored Car Company in New York, NY, discovered that $11 million had been stolen from its headquarters overnight. It was the biggest cash theft in U.S. history.

1985 – Phil Collins made his American television acting debut. He played a drug dealer on “Miami Vice”.

1988 – A bankruptcy judge in Columbia, SC, ordered the assets of the troubled PTL television ministry sold to a Toronto real estate developer for $65 million.

1993 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that people must receive a hearing before property linked to illegal drug sales can be seized.

2000 – Vice President Al Gore conceded the 2000 Presidential election to Texas Gov. George W. Bush. The Florida electoral votes were won by only 537 votes, which decided the election. The election had been contested up to the U.S. Supreme Court, which said that the Florida recount (supported by the Florida Supreme Court) was unconstitutional.

2001 – The U.S. government released a video tape that showed Osama bin Laden and others discussing their knowledge of the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001.

2001 – NBC-TV announced that it would begin running hard liquor commercials. NBC issued a 19-point policy that outlined the conditions for accepting liquor ads.

2003 – Saddam Hussein was captured, as American troops find the former dictator of Iraq on a farm near Tikrit, hiding in hole. He surrendered without a fight, but refuses to cooperate with interrogators.

 

BIRTHDAYS:

Dick Van Dyke 1925 – Actor, comedian (TV’s “The Dick Van Dyke Show”, “The New Dick Van Dyke Show”, “Diagnosis Murder”, movies “Bye Bye Birdie”, “Mary Poppins”, “Chitty Chitty Bang Bang”, “Divorce American Style”, “The Comic”, “Cold Turkey”, “Night at the Museum”)

Christopher Plummer 1929 – Actor (“The Last Station”, “Beginners”, “The Sound of Music”, “Return of the Pink Panther”, “Waterloo”, “The Man Who Would Be King”, “Dragnet”, “The Insider”, “A Beautiful Mind”, “Syriana”)

John Davidson 1941 – Singer, actor, game show host (TV’s “That’s Incredible,” “Hollywood Squares”)

Jeff Baxter 1948 – Guitarist (The Doobie Brothers, Steely Dan)

Ted Nugent 1948 – Musician. Born in Redford, MI.

Randy Owen 1949 – Singer (Alabama)

Wendie Malick 1950 – Actress (TV’s “Dream On”, “Just Shoot Me!”, “Hot in Cleveland”, “Frasier”, movies “Scrooged”, “The American President”, “Racing Stripes”, “Confessions of a Shopaholic”)

John Anderson 1954 – Country singer (“Swingin'”)

Steve Buscemi 1957 – Actor (TV’s “Boardwalk Empire”, movies “Spy Kids” 2 & 3, “Ghost World”, “The Big Lebowski”, “Escape from LA”, “Fargo”, “Reservoir Dogs”, “Parting Glances”)

Pat Torpey 1959 – Musician (Mr. Big)

Johnny Whitaker 1959 – Actor (TV’s “Family Affair”, “Sigmund and the Sea Monsters”, movie “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer”)

Jamie Foxx 1967 – Actor, comedian (“Ray”, “Collateral”, “The Amazing Spider Man 2”, “Django Unchained”, “The Soloist”, “The Kingdom”, “Dreamgirls”, “Miami Vice”, “Jarhead”, “Stealth”, “Breakin’ All the Rules”, TV’s “The Jamie Foxx Show”, “In Living Color”)

NeNe Leakes 1967 – Reality star, actress (TV’s “Real Housewives of Atlanta”, Glee”, “The New Normal”, “Celebrity Apprentice”, “To Tell the Truth”)

Taylor Swift 1989 – Singer

 

TODAY IS:

Hot Cocoa Day

Violin Day

 

For additional information check out websites like: www.on-this-day.comwww.born-today.com, www.famousbirthdays.com, and www.daysoftheyear.com.

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