June 28

TODAY IN HISTORY:

1778 – Mary “Molly Pitcher” Hays McCauley, wife of an American artilleryman, carried water to the soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth and, supposedly, took her husband’s place at his gun after he was overcome with heat.

1869 – R. W. Wood was appointed as the first Surgeon General of the U.S. Navy.

1894 – Congress made Labor Day a U.S. National holiday.

1902 – The U.S. Congress passed the Spooner bill, it authorized a canal to be built across the Isthmus of Panama.

1919 – The Treaty of Versailles was signed ending World War I exactly five years after it began. The treaty also established the League of Nations.

1926 – Mercedes-Benz was formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merging their two companies.

1939 – Pan American Airways began the first transatlantic passenger service.

1938 – Congress created the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) to insure construction loans.

1964 – Malcolm X founded the Organization for Afro American Unity to seek independence for blacks in the Western Hemisphere.

1965 – The first commercial satellite began communications service. It was Early Bird (Intelsat I).

1971 – The Supreme Court overturned the draft evasion conviction of Muhammad Ali.

1972 – President Richard Nixon announced that no new draftees would be sent to Vietnam.

1976 – A women entered the U.S. Air Force Academy for the first time.

1980 – Biscayne National Park off the coast of Florida was established.

1996 – The Citadel voted to admit women, ending a 153-year-old men-only policy at the South Carolina military school.

1996 – “Peanuts” cartoonist Charles M. Schulz received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1997 – Mike Tyson was disqualified for biting Evander Holyfield’s ear after three rounds of their WBA heavyweight title fight in Las Vegas, NV.

1998 – The Cincinnati Enquirer apologized to Chiquita banana company and retracted their stories that questioned company’s business practices. They also agreed to pay more than $10 million to settle legal claims.

2000 – Six-year-old Elián González, the Cuban boy who became the subject of a huge political and legal battle in Florida, is sent back to Cuba.

2001 – The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit set aside an order that would break up Microsoft for antitrust violations. However, the judges did agree that the company was in violation of antitrust laws.

2005 – The final design for the “Freedom Tower” (One World Trade Center) was formally unveiled.

2006 – Star Jones got the boot from TV’s “The View” after nine years.

2007 – The American bald eagle was removed from the endangered species list.

2010 – The Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that Americans have the right to own a gun for self-defense anywhere they live.

 

BIRTHDAYS:

Mel Brooks 1926 – Writer, director, actor (“The Producers”, “Young Frankenstein”, “Blazing Saddles”, “Silent Movie”, “High Anxiety”, “History of the World, Part 1”, “Spaceballs”)

John Byner 1938 – Comedian, impressionist (“The Ant and the Aardvark”)

Frank Zane 1942 – Bodybuilder

David Knights 1945 – Musician (Procol Harum)

Bruce Davison 1946 – Actor (“Longtime Companion”, “Willard”, “Short Cuts”, the “X-Men” films, “The Lords of Salem”, TV’s “Harry & the Hendersons”)

Kathy Bates 1948 – Actress (“Misery”, “Primary Colors”, “About Schmidt”, “Fried Green Tomatoes”, “Dolores Claiborne”, “Titanic”, “The Blind Side”, TV’s
“American Horror Story”, “Harry’s Law”)

Alice Krige 1954 – Actress (“Chariots of Fire”, “Star Trek” films)

John Elway 1960 – Football player

Jessica Hecht 1965 – Actress (TV’s “Friends”, “The Single Guy”, “Breaking Bad”)

John Cusack 1966 – Actor (“Love and Mercy”, “Say Anything”, “Being John Malkovich”, “High Fidelity”, “Grosse Pointe Blank”, “The Paperboy”, “Hot Tub Time Machine”)

Mary Stuart Masterson 1966 – Actress (“Some Kind of Wonderful”, “Fried Green Tomatoes”, “Benny and Joon”)

Gil Bellows 1967 – Actor (“Ally McBeal”, movie “The Shawshank Redemption”)

Danielle Brisebois 1969 – Singer, actor (TV’s “All in the Family”, “Archie Bunker’s Place”)

Tichina Arnold 1971 – Actress (TV’s “Everybody Hates Chris”, “Martin”, movie “Big Momma’s House”)

Kellie Pickler 1986 – Country singer (Finished 6th on TV’s “American Idol: Season 5”)

 

TODAY IS:

Happy Heart Hugs Day

Insurance Awareness Day

International Body Piercing Day

Paul Bunyan Day

Tapioca Day

 

For additional information check out websites like: www.on-this-day.comwww.born-today.com, www.famousbirthdays.com, and www.daysoftheyear.com.

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