August 20

TODAY IN HISTORY:

1858 – Charles Darwin first published his theory of evolution through natural selection in “The Journal of Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London”.

1866 – The National Labor Union in the U.S. recommended an eight-hour workday.

1866 – The formal declaration by President Andrew Johnson that the American Civil War was over. Fighting had stopped months earlier.

1920 – The first commercial radio station, 8MK (now WWJ), began operations in Detroit, MI. The radio station claimed they were the the first radio station in the world to broadcast regularly scheduled programs.

1923 – The first American dirigible, the “Shenandoah,” was launched in Lakehurst, NJ.

1938 – Lou Gehrig hit his 23rd career grand slam, a record that stood for 75 years until it was broken by Alex Rodriguez.

1939 – The National Bowling Association was founded in Detroit, MI.

1948 – The largest crowd to see a nighttime major league baseball game happened in Cleveland, OH. The Indians and Chicago’s White Sox played, at Municipal Stadium, in front of 78,382 people.

1967 – A noise reduction system for album and tape recordings was developed by technicians R. and D.W. Dolby. Checkmate Records became the first record label to use the new Dolby process.

1975 – NASA launched the Viking 1 planetary probe towards Mars.

1977 – NASA launched Voyager 2. The spacecraft was carrying a 12 inch copper phonograph record that contained greetings in dozens of languages, samples of music and sounds of nature.

1985 – The original Xerox 914 copier was presented to the Smithsonian Institute’s Museum of American History. The machine was invented by Chester Carlson.

1986 – In Edmond, OK, a postal employee, Patrick Sherrill, gunned down 14 of his co-workers and then committed suicide.

1988 – “Black Saturday” of the Yellowstone fire in Yellowstone National Park.

1989 – In Los Angeles, CA, entertainment executive Jose Menendez and his wife, Kitty, were shot to death by their sons, Lyle and Erik.

1996 – Carlos Santana received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

2010 – The last American combat brigade exited Iraq after more than seven years after the U.S. led invasion began.

 

BIRTHDAYS:

Don King 1931 – Boxing promoter

Ron Paul 1935 – Author, physician, former politician

Connie Chung 1946 – TV personality

Jimmy Pankow 1947 – Musician (Chicago)

Robert Plant 1948 – Musician (Led Zeppelin)

Peter Horton 1953 – Actor, director (Played Professor Gary Shepherd on TV’s “Thirtysomething”)

Al Roker 1954 – Television personality (“The Today Show”, “Wake Up With Al”)

Joan Allen 1956 – Actress (“Nixon”, “The Crucible”, “The Contender”, “Face/Off”, “Pleasantville”, “The Bourne Supremacy”, “The Bourne Ultimatum”, “The Bourne Legacy”, TV’s “The Family”)

James Marsters 1962 – Actor (TV’s “Buffy the Vampire Slayer,” “Angel”)

Billy Gardell 1969 – Actor, comedian (TV’s “Mike and Molly”)

Amy Adams 1974 – Actress (“American Hustle”, “The Master”, “The Fighter”, “Man of Steel”, “Julie & Julia”, “Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian”, “Talledega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby”, “Catch Me If You Can”)

Andrew Garfield 1983 – Actor (“The Amazing Spider Man”, “The Social Network”)

Demi Lovato 1992 – Actress, singer (Former Disney Channel actress)

 

TODAY IS:

Chocolate Pecan Pie Day

World Mosquito Day

 

For additional information check out websites like: www.on-this-day.comwww.born-today.com, www.famousbirthdays.com, and www.daysoftheyear.com.

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